With the goal of using more environmentally friendly vehicles, cars using green energy are being widely popularized in many developed economies around the world such as the US, China, and Europe. ..
With the world auto industry under pressure to electrify or hybridize its vehicles, this market is also becoming more accessible than ever. Customers interested in this type of vehicle should refer to some content such as: What is a Hybrid car? Mechanism of hybrid car operation? and Benefits of Hybrid Vehicles…
What is a hybrid vehicle (hybrid car, hybrid electric vehicle)?
In terms of structure, if a car running a normal gasoline engine connects the engine to the transmission mechanism that turns the wheel, with a hybrid engine, in the middle of this mechanism there is an additional motor. Electric shares the same duties as the gasoline engine. In order for the structure to work smoothly, it is necessary to have other supporting parts such as an inverter, a power divider, a motor reducer and especially a battery block – the source of energy for the electric motor.
Advantages of Hybrid cars
Hybrid cars use a combination of electricity and power from a combustion engine, so they emit less emissions than cars using traditional internal combustion engines.
Due to the help of an electric motor, hybrid cars use less gasoline than cars that only use internal combustion engines.
Hybrid cars have a greater range (maximum travel distance) than pure electric cars because they can still operate on combustion fuel when the electric battery is exhausted.
Combustion engines on hybrid vehicles are compact, light in weight and have more economical performance than traditional engines.
Hybrid vehicle classification
1. Parallei Hybrid – Standard Hybrid
This is the most common type of hybrid vehicle with a combination of a traditional engine and an electric motor. This combination uses a common powertrain to manage power from either source. Typical cars for standard Hybrid cars include the Toyota Prius and Chevrolet Volt.
2. Range Extender Hybrid – Range Extender Hybrid
This type of hybrid vehicle only uses a normal engine, producing electricity to supply a generator to recharge the battery. The engine on the Range Extender does not “drive” the car, but only plays the role of generating electricity to power the motor and the BMW i3 is the best example. The Honda Jazz Hybrid also uses an electric motor to assist the conventional engine when needed.
3. Plug-in Hybrid – Hybrid uses charging
As the name suggests, this electric vehicle can fully charge the battery by plugging it into an external power source or charging on the go. Plug-in Hybrid has the advantages of both normal Hybrid and pure electric vehicle.
In addition to owning a conventional engine, they are also equipped with a larger battery pack than conventional hybrid vehicles and when in the same mode using only electric power, they can travel longer distances than other hybrid vehicles. other vehicles, up to 30 miles in some cases.
What type of hybrid car is best?
Choosing the best hybrid car depends on the customer’s “pocket” and daily driving habits. On the other hand, an ideal hybrid vehicle should deliver good performance in terms of power and efficiency in urban areas.
A PHEV would certainly be better with an all-electric driving range, and it would be more convenient to be able to charge it regularly.
Difference between Hybrid and Mild-hybrid Like a conventional Hybrid vehicle (HEV), Mild-hybrid vehicle (MHEV) is still equipped with a traditional internal combustion engine with a combination of an electric motor.
The difference here is that the MHEV uses an electric motor to assist the engine during acceleration, while the HEV’s engine allows the driver to use electrical energy to operate and move the vehicle directly.
Thus, HEV will certainly bring more benefits than MHEV including: saving fuel consumption, HEV does not depend entirely on the internal combustion engine, can move directly with electric energy depending on on the specification and technology to be applied.
Some typical Hybrid car models
With the advancement of hybrid technology, many automakers are now producing many hybrid vehicles for every segment. The accessibility is high and almost anyone can use a hybrid car in the near future.
Niro Plug-in Hybrid
Ford Escape Plug-in Hybrid
Toyota RAV4 Hybrid
Lexus ES Hybrid
Hyundai Sonata Hybrid
MHEV – 2021
Toyota Corolla Cross is the first model using a hybrid engine to be sold genuine in Vietnam. Previously, many hybrid models were imported through non-genuine forms, but usually only in the luxury car segment. The technology that is defaulted by most Vietnamese customers is not really suitable.
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